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托福写作如何举例说明?

[摘要]托福写作如何举例说明?如何进行故事举例呢?故事一般可由以下两类词汇引入,现在我们来逐一讨论。

  托福写作如何举例说明?如何进行故事举例呢?故事一般可由以下两类词汇引入,现在我们来逐一讨论。




  一、illustrate与exemplify,这两个词是大多数考生所不熟悉的,如果能将它们用好,必定会使文章增色不少,这两个词通常用来引人一个真实发生的事件,使用时需要注意以下几点(illustrate与exemplify同义,可互换):
  1. illustrate 与exemplify都是及物动词,它们的宾语都是表“观点”的词,如point等。
  2. 为了体现句法多样性,with可用by替换,the case of可用the example of与the story about等表达进行替换,但要注意它们所用介词的不同。
  3. exemplify被很多的考生拼错,写成examplify——它与example不同,是以exe-开头的,而不是exa-。偶尔的拼写错误不伤大雅,但是很多的拼写错误很有可能导致失分。
  【参考例句】
  Tourists are likely to be taken by tour guides to stores where souvenirs are extremely expensive. I will illustrate/exemplify this point with the case of my cousin Joseph, who last year went on a guided tour with a group of approximately 20 people to France. When they finished visiting the Eiffel Tower, the tour guide took them to a souvenir store nearby. Joseph bought a miniature Eiffel Tower there for 100 dollars, which was too expensive.
  当然,也可以选择被动语态,主动被动换着使用,写成:
  Tourists are likely to be taken by tour guides to stores where souvenirs are extremely expensive. This point can be illustrated/exemplified with the case ofmy cousin Joseph, who last year went on a guided tour with a group of approximately 20 people to France. When they finished visiting the Eiffel Tower, the tour guide took them to a souvenir store nearby. Joseph bought a miniature Eiffel Tower there for 500 dollars, which was too expensive.
  二、…deserves a special mention,这个表达也是大多数考生所不熟悉的,如果能用好它,文章一定会显得高大上,这个表达通常也用来引人一个真实发生的事件,使用时需要注意以下几点:
  1. 在…deserves a special mention中,a可以省略,写成…deserves special mention。
  2. 为了体现句法多样性,when it comes to…可用speaking of…等表达进行替换。
  3. 也可结合上面提到的语言点,写成The case of…/The example of…/The story about…deserves a special mention,后跟具体的事件即可;由于主语是第三人称单数,因此deserve也要相应地使用第三人称单数,这是非常简单的问题,但往往被相当一部分考生所忽略,因此造成失分,非常可惜。
  【参考例句】
  When it comes to being taken by tour guides to stores where souvenirs are extremely expensive, my cousin Joseph deserves a special mention. He last year went on a guided tour with a group of approximately 20 people to France. When they finished visiting the Eiffel Tower, the tour guide took them to a souvenir store nearby. Joseph bought a miniature Eiffel Tower there for 500 dollars, which was too expensive.

  以上便是关于托福写作如何举例说明的相关介绍。更多详情,欢迎咨询朗阁在线老师。

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