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雅思阅读经典长难句分析

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  今天小编即将要分享给大家的是“雅思阅读经典长难句分析”的相关内容,希望能够对大家有所帮助!有兴趣的小伙伴赶快和小编一起来了解一下吧!


雅思阅读经典长难句分析


  1. Yet opinion polls suggest that many people nurture the belief that environmental standards are declining and four factors seem to cause this disjunction between perception and reality.(剑5, Test 1 passage 3)

  分析:本句的主句为“opinion polls suggest that…”;其中“that many people nurture the belief that environmental standards are declining and four factors seem to cause this disjunction between perception and reality”为that引导的宾语从句,作suggest的宾语;“that environmental standards are declining and four factors seem to cause this disjunction between perception and reality.”为that引导的同位语从句,做the belief的同位语,并且在该同位语从句中,“environmental standards are declining”和“four factors seem to cause this disjunction between perception and reality”并列,由and连接。

  2.On 13 July 1907, Baekeland took out his famous patent describing this preparation, the essential features of which are still in use today. (剑5, Test 2 passage 1)

  分析:本句的主句为“Baekeland took out his famous patent”, “On 13 July 1907”为时间状语;“describing this preparation”为现在分词短语做定语,做his famous patent的定语;“the essential features of which are still in use today”为同位语,做this preparation的同位语;而其中“of which are still in use today”为定语从句,做features的定语,关系词为which。

  3. It is highly appropriate that Dr Samuel Johnson, the very model of an eighteenth-century literary man, as famous in his own time as in ours, should have published his Dictionary at the very beginning of the heyday of the middle class.(剑5, Test 1 passage 1)

  分析:本句的主句为“It is highly appropriate that… ”, 其中it为形式主语,真正的主语为that引导的主语从句,即“that Dr Samuel Johnson, the very model of an eighteenth-century literary man, as famous in his own time as in ours, should have published his Dictionary at the very beginning of the heyday of the middle class”;在主语从句中“the very model of an eighteenth-century literary man”为Dr Samuel Johnson的同位语,“as famous in his own time as in ours”为Dr Samuel Johnson的定语。

  4. If the subject was still reluctant to proceed, Milgram said that it was important for the sake of the experiment that the procedure be followed through to the end.(剑5, Test 1 passage 2)

  分析:本句的主句为“Milgram said that …”; “If the subject was still reluctant to proceed”为If引导的条件状语从句;“that it was important for the sake of the experiment that the procedure be followed through to the end.”为that引导的宾语从句,做said的宾语;在该宾语从句“that it was important for the sake of the experiment that the procedure be followed through to the end.”中,it为形式主语,“that the procedure be followed through to the end”为that引导的主语从句,是该宾语从句真正的主语。

  5. As audiences grew, so did the places where films were shown, finishing up with the ‘great picture palaces’ of the 1920s, which rivaled, and occasionally superseded, theatres and opera-houses in terms of opulence and splendour.(剑4, General Training Test A section 3)

  分析:本句的主句为倒装句“so did the places”; “As audiences grew”为as引导的时间状语从句;“where films were shown”为定语从句,做places的定语,关系词为where; “finishing up with the ‘great picture palaces’ of the 1920s”为现在分词短语做伴随状语;“which rivaled, and occasionally superseded, theatres and opera-houses in terms of opulence and splendour.”为非限制性定语从句,关系词为which。

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