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托福写作四类强调句

[摘要]在托福写作中强调是一种修辞效果,是为了对一定语境下的部分内容进行突出强调而采取的一种手段。

内容:

在托福写作中强调是一种修辞效果,是为了对一定语境下的部分内容进行突出强调而采取的一种手段。运用这种强调句型可以强调句子的主语、状语、宾语以及从句(主语从句,状语从句,宾语从句)等,一般不能用来强调谓语动词。


英语中的强调句式结构为It is ...that...,也就是:It is/was + 被强调部分+that+剩余部分。


01对主语进行强调

  

例句:

  

Their sensitive response to human circumstance accounts for the persistence of certain collective ideas.

  

他们对人类环境的敏感反应,才了一些共同观点的持续性。

  

强调主语:

  

It is their sensitive response to human circumstance that accounts for the persistence of certain collective ideas.

 

02对状语进行强调

 

1对地点状语的强调

  

例句:

  

For physicists, this new development makes any appreciable difference in the explanation of observations only in the world of atoms.

  

只是在原子世界中,这一新发展才会在对各种观察做出解释时产生相当的差异。

  

强调地点状语:

  

For physicists, it is only in the world of atoms that this new development makes any appreciable difference in the explanation of observations.


2对时间状语的强调

  

例句:

  

Women sculptors have been recognized as elite artists only during the twentieth century.

  

二十世纪,女艺术家才被承认为精英艺术家。


强调时间状语:It has been only during the twentieth century that women sculptors have been recognized as elite artists.


3对原因状语进行强调

  

例句:

  

He was elected as one colonel because of his eligibility in many aspects.

  

他被选为陆军上校是因为在很多方面都具备能力。

  

强调时间状语:

  

It is because of his eligibility in many aspects that he was elected as one colonel.


4对方式状语进行强调

  

例句:

  

By way of the emphasis on oral comic literary creativity,these Chicano writers developed the powerful and arresting language.

  

通过对口头喜剧文学创造性的强调,这些奇卡诺作家才得以发展一种强有力的和富于吸引力的语言。


强调方式状语:

  

It has been by way of the emphasis on oral comic literary creativity that these Chicano writers developed the powerful and arresting language.


03对宾语进行强调

  

例句:

  

One attributes the name to a complex commercial situation in a particular society

  

人们把一个名字赋予给某个特定社会中复杂的经济形势。

  

强调宾语:

  

It is the name that one attributes to a complex commercial situation in a particular society.


04对宾语补足语进行强调

  

例句:

  

They elected him the chairman of the Trade.

  

他们选他为工会的主席。

  

强调宾语补足语:

  

It was the chairman of the Trade Union that they elected him.



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托福写作四类强调句